According to a press release citing the World Health Organization (WHO), each year 17.9 million people die from cardiovascular disease and it is estimated that the figure will rise to 23 million in 2030, making cardiovascular diseases are among the leading causes of death worldwide.
The medical report indicates that hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, periodontal disease, sedentary lifestyle, an unhealthy diet, and tobacco and alcohol, are the main cardiac risk factors. Controlling them could prevent between 80% -90% of premature deaths.
How are poor oral health and heart attacks related? Why does this relationship occur? Oral bacteria have been determined to affect the walls of blood vessels, causing an inflammatory response in the body. This is due to the release of substances called inflammatory mediators, which can damage the wall of the arteries, facilitating the formation of plaque (atheromas) that clogs the arteries and leads to cardiovascular disease (myocardial infarctions).