Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease that affects the tissues surrounding the teeth that can result in red and swollen gums, possibly bleeding and infection. In most cases Periodontitis starts when plaque is improperly removed from your teeth and turns to tartar. Tartar then inflames the gums and results in gingivitis. Left untreated gingivitis worsens over time, causing the gums to pull away from the teeth and creating spaces called pockets that become infected. Eventually this infection eats away at the Alveolar bone surrounding the teeth, and can result in tooth loss, pain and even affect your overall health.
Contributing factors that can cause periodontitis or worsen the condition includes:
- Poor oral health habits
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause
- Inadequate nutrition
- Medications that causes dry mouth
- Diabetes, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Chron’s disease
- Conditions that decreases your immunity system
Treatment For Periodontal Disease
Depending on how advanced your periodontitis is, there are a number of treatments that your dentist or Periodontal specialist can try. Here are just some of the treatments that can be tried.
- Removal of Plaque and Tartar- The first treatment your dentist may try is a good cleaning where they remove all of the plaque and tartar that is present in an effort to make your gums heal and reattach.
- Pocket Reduction- If removal of the plaque and tartar doesn’t work then your dentist may try a pocket reduction. This is a procedure where the dentist folds back a flap or gum tissue and removes the infectious bacteria, cleans away the tartar and smoothes the damaged bone. This procedure may allow the gum to reattach.
- Gum Grafts- A gum graft is when there are exposed roots caused by gum recession. Your dentist can then take some tissue from your palate and cover the gum. The gum graft procedure protects roots from decaying and stops further gum loss allowing the gums to heal.
- Bone Grafting- Bone grafting is a procedure that promotes the growth of bone that has been destroyed by periodontal disease.
However, the best treatment for for Periodontal disease is to prevent the disease by brushing and flossing regularly as well as seeing your dentist on yearly bases for a deep cleaning.
However, once you have treated for Periodontal disease you will need take an active part in Periodontal maintenance which includes regular check-ups, proper brushing and flossing the use of antimicrobial mouthwash to help reduce bacteria in hard to reach places in your mouth.
If you’re suffering from any dental related condition, contact us at DHC for the best periodontitis treatment in Miami!